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Image from page 335 of "Encyclopedia of antiquities : and elements of archaeology, classical and mediæval" (1843)

Image from page 335 of
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Identifier: encyclopediaofan01fosb
Title: Encyclopedia of antiquities : and elements of archaeology, classical and mediæval
Year: 1843 (1840s)
Authors: Fosbroke, Thomas Dudley, 1770-1842
Subjects: Classical antiquities Civilization, Medieval
Publisher: London : M. A. Nattali
Contributing Library: University of California Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive


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Text Appearing Before Image:
n Du Cange ; indeed Pris-cian speaks of seals, whether originalsor impressions, covered -wnth a kind ofshell to preserve them. The sealing-wax from gum lac, asprepared in India, is affirmed by theFrench to have been first used or in- vented in France by one Rousseau, inthe beginning of the seventeenth cen-tury ; but it was knoMn and in com-mon use in Germany in 1554. Theoldest printed receipt, of the date of157^, docs not mention gum lac.^Stolberg says, very absurdly, that hesaw loafers for letters in the PorticiMuseum. The oldest seal with redwafers is dated in 1624. In the wholeof the seventeenth century wafers wereonly used by private persons ; on pub-lic seals they commence only in theeighteenth century.v Goods, cupboards, chests, and otherthings, were occasionally sealed.^ * Nouv. Diplomat. Du Cange, v. Albiferrea.Priscian. v. 655. Beckman, Invent, i. 209. seq. y Beckman, i. 226. Labat ascribes the inventionto Genoese Economy. Quait. Re?. 1818, p. 10. Du Cange, w. Cistas Bullare.

Text Appearing After Image:
^n^ Ii^i=^ A presmned Tholus, or sort of vestibule, from the Paintings at Herculaneum. The columns in the Tonictaste, without bases, support a roof and cornice, the latter of which from the triglyph.s and modi/lionsappears ornamented in the Doric style. The yaiHands and festoons interwoven with red ribbons, aswell as the figure of the lioness, appear to have been introduced for the sake of ornament only. Abovethe roof of the building is placed a picture representing a sea-view. CHAPTER IX. Furniture— Utensils—Mechanicals. Abacus. 1. Arithmetical. This in-strument, an invention ascribed to Py-thagoras, who apparently borrowed itfrom the Chinese or Indians, has beenrecently revived by Mr. Frend underthe name of the Arithmetical Toy, con-sisted of a wooden frame, divided intosmall bars, of which there were twocompartments, each bar containingbeads, which slid up and down. Themethod of using it was by making everybead a unit or decimal, and subtractingby separation, or adding by uniti


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Date: 2014-07-28 09:49:33



bookid:encyclopediaofan01fosb bookyear:1843 bookdecade:1840 bookcentury:1800 bookauthor:Fosbroke__Thomas_Dudley__1770_1842 booksubject:Classical_antiquities booksubject:Civilization__Medieval bookpublisher:London___M__A__Nattali bookcontributor:University_of_California_Libraries booksponsor:Internet_Archive bookleafnumber:335 bookcollection:cdl bookcollection:americana

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