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Image from page 124 of "Contributions to North American ethnology" (1877)

Image from page 124 of
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Identifier: contributionston01geog
Title: Contributions to North American ethnology
Year: 1877 (1870s)
Authors: Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region (U.S.) Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology
Subjects: Indians of North America Ethnology Indians of North America Indians of North America
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : G.P.O.
Contributing Library: Robarts - University of Toronto
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Toronto


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Text Appearing Before Image:
used were blue carbonates of ironand copper; the green fungus, or loesiza, found in decayed birch and alderwood ; haematite and red chalk; white infusorial or chalky earth; blackcharcoal, graphite, and micaceous ore of iron. A species of red was some-times derived from pine bark or the cambium of the ground-willow. Inlater prehistoric burial-places, the wooden carvings bear these colors nearlyas bright as when first applied. Beads were made of sections of the hollow bones of birds, of bits ofgypsum imported from the continent, seal and orca teeth, and especially c/lamber. This substance occurs sparingly in the lignitic deposits of Tanaga,Unalashka, Atka, and Amchitka, and was reckoned of the highest valueby the Aleuts. The pieces were usually very small and were simplypierced and rouglily rounded. I liave seen no ancient carved beads.Pieces of the red bills of the auks, tlie claws of the little auk set one intoanother like the larkspur rings of children, were used, with small bono 87

Text Appearing After Image:
carvings, as pendants to the bead necklaces. We found no application ofshell to purposes of use or ornament. This may be partly explained bythe dull colors and thin texture of most of the Aleutian shells. There area few, however, which would seem to have been quite suitable, but wefound no evidences of their use. In some of the latest prehistoric burial-places, we found, beside othercarvings, masks, toys, and once a rude wooden doll, but with one exceptionwe have found no imitations of the human form or face in the kitchen-heaps. This exception was a small and very artistic ivory carving, perhapsonce lashed to the peak of a visor, or to some other article,of whi(ih the annexed figure is a representation. It doesnot, however, give a sufficiently clear idea of the delicacyof the carving, which is really exceptional. The face hasthe usual Innuit characteristics, and four little holes at the|||| sides were evidently for securing the lashings. The backis quite concave, as if it had been fi


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Date: 2014-07-28 17:11:20



bookid:contributionston01geog bookyear:1877 bookdecade:1870 bookcentury:1800 bookauthor:Geographical_and_Geological_Survey_of_the_Rocky_Mountain_Region__U_S__ bookauthor:Smithsonian_Institution__Bureau_of_American_Ethnology booksubject:Indians_of_North_America booksubject:Ethnology bookpublisher:Washington__D_C____G_P_O_ bookcontributor:Robarts___University_of_Toronto booksponsor:University_of_Toronto bookleafnumber:124 bookcollection:robarts bookcollection:toronto

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